Bulg. J. Phys. vol.48 no.5-6 (2021), pp. 608-617

Reviewing Nuclear Structure Properties of Even-Even Yb Isotopes

A. Zyriliou1, T.J. Mertzimekis1, A. Chalil1,4, P. Vasileiou1, S. Pelonis1, M. Efstathiou1, E. Mavrommatis1, D. Bonatsos2, A. Martinou2, S. Peroulis2, N. Minkov3, L. Stan5, A. Turturica5, C. Costache5, R. Mihai5, R. Borcea5, S. Ujeniuc5, S. Toma5, C. Clisu5, A. Oprea5, A. Ionescu5, I. Gheorghe5, M. Boromiza5, C. Mihai5, C. Sotty5, C. Nita5, N. Marginean5, R. Marginean5, N. Florea5, I. Dinescu5, D. Bucurescu5, D. Filipescu5, R. Lica5, L. Stroe5, R. Suvaila5
1Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Zografou Campus, GR-15784, Athens, Greece
2Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics, NCSR
3Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784, Sofia, Bulgaria
4IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, FR-91190, Paris, France
5Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, R-077125, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract. The medium-to-heavy mass ytterbium isotopes (70Yb) in the rare-earth mass region are known to be well-deformed nuclei. Spectroscopic information becomes scarcer as the neutron number increases, impeding the understanding of nuclear structure in this mass region, where interesting phenomena, such as shape coexistence, have been predicted [1]. The lack of any experimental information on the structure of the neutron-rich 178Yb and 180Yb have greatly motivated this study, which can offer useful information for the collective behavior of neutrons and protons, the evolution of shape and shape coexistence. A test run was performed to investigate the population of excited states and a first measurement of the unknown 21+ lifetime of 178Yb by means of a two neutron-transfer reaction 176Yb(18O,16O)178Yb using the ROSPHERE [2] array at IFIN-HH, Romania. From the theoretical point of view, in this work, the reduced transition probabilities B(E2) and transition quadrupole moments Q have been calculated using the IBM-1 and various other theoretical models, including the recently developed Proxy and Pseudo SU(3) model [3]. Good agreement was found between available adopted data [4] and theoretical predictions for 164-180Yb isotopes.

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