Bulg. J. Phys. vol.50 no.1 (2023), pp. 027-043

Deflection of Light due to Spheroidal Oblate Static Objects

R. Brahma, A.K. Sen
Department of Physics, Assam University, Silchar-788011, India
Abstract. Deflection of light due to massive objects was predicted by Einstein in his general theory of relativity. This deflection of light has been calculated by many researchers in the past, for spherically symmetric objects. But, in reality, most of these gravitating objects are not spherical; instead they are ellipsoidal (oblate) in shape. The objective of the present work is to study theoretically the effect of this ellipticity on the trajectory of a light ray. In the present work, we obtain a converging series expression for the deflection of a light ray due to an ellipsoidal gravitating object, characterised by an ellipticity parameter. As a boundary condition, by setting the ellipticity parameter to be equal to zero, we get back the same expression for deflection as due to Schwarzschild black hole. It is also found that the additional contribution in deflection angle due to this ellipticity though small, but could be typically higher than the similar contribution caused by the rotation of a celestial object. Therefore for a precise estimate of the deflection due to a celestial object, the calculations presented here would be useful.

doi: https://doi.org/10.55318/bgjp.2023.50.1.027

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