Bulg. J. Phys. vol.33 no.s3 (2006), pp. 003-16

Current Development of Fusion Research

R. Wilhelm
Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Abstract. Nuclear Fusion should be seen as one of the important options for a future non-fossil energy supply of mankind. In this context it has to be noticed that a few bottles of water (herein the small fraction of ``natural'' deuterium) and a few stones (herein the lithium) are sufficient for the demand of electricity of a whole 4-body family for one year. In other words: the fuel resources for nuclear power are widely available and almost inexhaustible! It can not be ignored, however, that Nuclear Fusion suffers from a lot of criticism: the timescale for its final realization has exceeded the early predictions already by many decades; or: a fusion reactor produces a substantial quantity of radioactive waste during its lifetime, its material is heavily affected by plasma and neutron attack and the complicated structure of a reactor certainly forbids an inexpensive production of electrical energy. A critical survey on the ``Current Development of Fusion Research'' may help to get a better, maybe more correct picture of this potential future energy source.

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