Bulg. J. Phys. vol.34 no.s1 (2007), pp. 114-126

Crossover from a Fission-Evaporation Scenario towards Multifragmentation in Spallation Reactions

P. Napolitani1,2
1GANIL (DSM-CEA/IN2P3-CNRS), Blvd. H. Becquerel, F-14076 Caen Cédex, France
2LPC (IN2P3-CNRS), F-14076 Caen Cédex, France
Abstract. Mostly for the purpose of applications for the energy and the environment and for the design of sources of neutrons or exotic nuclides, intense research has been dedicated to spallation, induced by protons or light projectiles at incident energies of around 1 GeV. In this energy range, while multifragmentation has still a minor share in the total reaction cross section, it was observed to have, together with fission, a prominent role in the production and the kinematics of intermediate-mass fragments, so as to condition the whole production of light and heavy nuclides. The experimental observables we dispose of attribute rather elusive properties to the intermediate-mass fragments and do not allow to classify them within one exclusive picture which is either multifragmentation or fission. Indeed, these two decay mechanisms, driven by different kinds of instabilities, exhibit behaviours which are closely comparable. High-resolution measurements of the reaction kinematics trace the way for probing finer features of the reaction kinematics.

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