Bulg. J. Phys. vol.42 no.4 (2015), pp. 513-522

Quadrupole Shape Phase Transitions in the γ-Rigid Regime

P. Buganu, R. Budaca
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Str. Reactorului no. 30, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania
Abstract. Quadrupole shape phase transitions have been studied in the frame of the Bohr-Mottelson model for which a sextic oscillator potential in the β variable is considered, while the γ degree of freedom is frozen either to 0o or 30o. The corresponding solutions are called X(3)-Sextic γ=0o and Z(4)-Sextic γ=30o in connection with the previous ones X(3) and Z(4) for which an infinite square well potential is used. Both energy spectra and E2 transitions are given in analytical form and up to some scale factors depend on a single free parameter. In particular situations when the β2 or β4 term vanishes, parameter free solutions are obtained. By varying the free parameter, for both X(3)-Sextic and Z(4)-Sextic, first order shape phase transitions occur from an approximately spherical shape to a well deformed one crossing a critical point where the potential is flat. The structure of the states in the critical points can offer answers concerning the unknown dynamical symmetries of X(5) or Z(5). Regarding the applications to experimental data, the parameter free solutions can be used initially as reference points. Finally, the agreement between the theory and experiment is improved by fitting the free parameter, whose values are used to verify if a shape phase transition appears within an isotopic chain.

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